The Telephone Patent Conspiracy Of 1876

Author: A. Edward Evenson
Publisher: McFarland
ISBN: 9780786462438
Size: 39.24 MB
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The invention of the telephone is a subject of great controversy, central is which is the patent issued to Alexander Graham Bell on March 7, 1876. Many problems and questions surround this patent, not the least of which was its collision in the Patent Office with a strangely similar invention by archrival Elisha Gray. A flood of lawsuits followed the patent's issue; at one point the government attempted to annul Bell's patent and launched an investigation into how it was granted. From court testimony, contemporary accounts, government documents, and the participants' correspondence, a fascinating story emerges. More than just a tale of rivalry between two inventors, it is the story of how a small group of men made Bell's patent the cornerstone for an emerging telephone monopoly. This book recounts the little-known story in full, relying on original documents (most never before published) to preserve the flavor of the debate and provide an authentic account. Among the several appendices is the "lost copy" of Bell's original patent, the document that precipitated the charge of fraud against the Bell Telephone Company.

The Telephone Gambit Chasing Alexander Graham Bell S Secret

Author: Seth Shulman
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 039333368X
Size: 29.45 MB
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Documents the illicit beginnings of the lucrative telephone monopoly, revealing how Bell's journals acknowledged his illegal copying of Elisha Gray's invention in order to secure what would become the nation's most valuable patent. Reprint. 13,000 first printing.

Laser

Author: Nick Taylor
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 0743213211
Size: 77.65 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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In 1957 Gordon Gould, then an obscure physicist and perennial graduate student, conceived one of the revolutionary inventions of the twentieth century -- the laser. But before he could submit a patent application, a prominent professor of physics whose office was next door to Gould's filed his own laser patent claims. Gould fought to reclaim the rights to his work, beginning a battle that would last nearly thirty years. Many millions of dollars, as well as the integrity of scientific claims, were at stake in the litigation that ensued.Laseris Gould's story -- and an eye-opening look at the patent process in America, the nexus of the worlds of business and science. Gould was struggling to finish his Ph.D. thesis when he struck upon the concept for the laser, or Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation. Light waves, Gould realized, would form a single concentrated beam when reflected between two mirrors inside a gas-filled chamber. Even as he was sketching his invention, Gould foresaw the tremendous potential of the laser in industry, communications, and the military. For three days he feverishly documented his ideas in a notebook, which he had notarized in a candy store near his Bronx apartment. A small technology firm took a great interest in Gould's laser and soon won a Defense Department contract to develop lasers for the military. Ironically, Gould was denied a security clearance because of his past communist associations, and so was unable to work on his own invention. He could only watch from the sidelines as colleagues tried to build a working laser in a desperate race with larger, better-funded research labs. Meanwhile, Gould's rival, Charles Townes, had everything that Gould lacked, most notably important academic and government appointments and esteem in the scientific community. In the dispute between the two men, few doubted Townes's word, while nearly everyone scoffed at Gould's claims. But Gould's determination was unyielding, and he fought everyone who stood in his way, including the U.S. Patent Office, major corporations, and the entire laser industry, until he finally won. Gordon Gould, the courts ruled, had invented the laser. Laseris a grand story of technology and law. Nick Taylor has extensively interviewed Gould as well as other key participants in the battle over the laser's invention and patents. In this riveting account of genius, rivalry, and greed, he shows just how difficult it is for the legendary lone inventor to prevail when the license to a valuable invention is at stake.

Media Technology And Society

Author: Brian Winston
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134766335
Size: 43.35 MB
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How are new media born? How do they change? And how do they change us? This work reports on the history of communication technologies, from the printing press to the Internet, and seeks to challenge the myth of an 'information revolution'.

Hacker Crackdown

Author: Bruce Sterling
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781535486903
Size: 24.74 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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A history of hacker sub-culture in the 1990s - from Operation Sun Devil to the formation of the EFF.

James Joule

Author: Donald S. L. Cardwell
Publisher: Manchester University Press
ISBN: 9780719034794
Size: 28.27 MB
Format: PDF
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Debugging Indian Computer Programmers

Author: N. Sivakumar
Publisher: DivineTree
ISBN: 0975514008
Size: 61.77 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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The backlash against outsourcing American jobs to countries like India had transformed into an anti-immigrant and anti-Indian atmosphere lately. While looking at outsourcing and high-tech visa programs from a completely different angle --and giving an enjoyable account of Indian programmers -- this book answers, in an extremely balanced way, the following complicated questions that have been raised by many American programmers, talkshow hosts, news anchors like Lou Dobbs of CNN, and even by some politicians. If outsourcing is inevitable, whats next for Americans? Did America really benefit from immigrant programmers? Was there never a need to bring immigrant programmers to the U.S.? Are Indian immigrant programmers nothing but corporate lapdogs? Are Indian programmers dumb as rocks and incapable of thinking outside of the box? Did Indian immigrant programmers support the September 11th attacks? Did Americans invent everything that belongs to the computer industry? Is the Indian education system far below world standards? Is there an organized Indian mafia in American universities that hires only Indian cronies?

Great Lives From History John Ericsson Irving Langmuir

Author: Alvin K. Benson
Publisher: Salem PressInc
ISBN: 9781587655241
Size: 50.59 MB
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Provides in-depth critical essays on important men and women in all areas of achievement, from around the world and throughout history, and includes 409 essays covering 413 individual inventors (including 27 women).--From publisher's note, p. vii.