The Making Of Tocqueville S America

Author: Kevin Butterfield
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022629708X
Size: 80.49 MB
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Alexis de Tocqueville famously said that Americans were "forever forming associations" and saw in this evidence of a new democratic sociability--though that seemed to be at odds with the distinctively American drive for individuality. Yet Kevin Butterfield sees these phenomena as tightly related: in joining groups, early Americans recognized not only the rights and responsibilities of citizenship but the efficacy of the law. A group, Butterfield says, isn't merely the people who join it; it's the mechanisms and conventions that allow it to function and, where necessary, to regulate itself and its members. Tocqueville, then, was wrong to see associations as the training grounds of democracy, where people learned to honor one another's voices and perspectives--rather, they were the training grounds for increasingly formal and legalistic relations among people. They were where Americans learned to treat one another impersonally.

Liberty Power

Author: Corey M. Brooks
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022630728X
Size: 78.49 MB
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Abraham Lincoln’s Republican Party was the first party built on opposition to slavery to win on the national stage—but its victory was rooted in the earlier efforts of under-appreciated antislavery third parties. Liberty Power tells the story of how abolitionist activists built the most transformative third-party movement in American history and effectively reshaped political structures in the decades leading up to the Civil War. As Corey M. Brooks explains, abolitionist trailblazers who organized first the Liberty Party and later the more moderate Free Soil Party confronted formidable opposition from a two-party system expressly constructed to suppress disputes over slavery. Identifying the Whigs and Democrats as the mainstays of the southern Slave Power’s national supremacy, savvy abolitionists insisted that only a party independent of slaveholder influence could wrest the federal government from its grip. A series of shrewd electoral, lobbying, and legislative tactics enabled these antislavery third parties to wield influence far beyond their numbers. In the process, these parties transformed the national political debate and laid the groundwork for the success of the Republican Party and the end of American slavery.

Sovereign Of The Market

Author: Jeffrey Sklansky
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022648033X
Size: 39.80 MB
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What should serve as money, who should control its creation and circulation, and according to what rules? For more than two hundred years, the “money question” shaped American social thought, becoming a central subject of political debate and class conflict. Sovereign of the Market reveals how and why this happened. Jeffrey Sklansky’s wide-ranging study comprises three chronological parts devoted to major episodes in the career of the money question. First, the fight over the innovation of paper money in colonial New England. Second, the battle over the development of commercial banking in the new United States. And third, the struggle over the national banking system and the international gold standard in the late nineteenth century. Each section explores a broader problem of power that framed each conflict in successive phases of capitalist development: circulation, representation, and association. The three parts also encompass intellectual biographies of opposing reformers for each period, shedding new light on the connections between economic thought and other aspects of early American culture. The result is a fascinating, insightful, and deeply considered contribution to the history of capitalism.

National Duties

Author: Gautham Rao
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022636707X
Size: 64.25 MB
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Gautham Rao argues that the origins of the federal government and the modern American state lie in the conflicts over commerce that took place at government customhouses between the American Revolution and the time of Andrew Jackson. The customhouse was where the national government collected the bulk of taxes and put into place market regulations aimed at positioning the US in the global order. At the same time, however, mariners and merchants shaped the implementation and enforcement of laws. The contours of the government emerged from the push-and-pull between these groups, with commercial interests gradually losing power to the rising administrative state.

Invisible Sovereign

Author: Mark G. Schmeller
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421418703
Size: 53.80 MB
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"Even today, with sophisticated surveys and computer-produced margins of error, we have trouble gauging the elusive voice we call 'public opinion,' but no one questions its importance in a democracy. In this insightful new study, Mark G. Schmeller sets out to recreate or approximate the nature of public opinion between independence and the aftermath of Civil War and also examine what leading Americans thought about it. Where could one detect it? How might attitudes toward it, in the abstract and concrete, have changed in this eventful period? 'As Americans contested the meaning of this essentially contestable concept,' Schmeller explains, 'they expanded and contracted the horizons of political possibility and renegotiated the terms of political legitimacy.' He argues that what began life as something close to exceptionally American republican thought (and in a sense unchanging) became something far more malleable and subject to manipulation by means of stump-speech rhetoric, partisan newspapers, trumpeting of the importance of the self in the nineteenth century, etc. Crossing into so many discrete fields of historical research, this project has much potential as a synthesizing meta-narrative"

Creating A Nation Of Joiners

Author: Johann N NEEM
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674041372
Size: 52.77 MB
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Ever since Alexis de Tocqueville published his observations in Democracy in America, Americans have recognized the distinctiveness of their voluntary tradition. In a work of political, legal, social, and intellectual history, Neem traces the origins of this venerable tradition to the vexed beginnings of American democracy in Massachusetts.

A People S History Of The United States

Author: Howard Zinn
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317325303
Size: 25.43 MB
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This is a new edition of the radical social history of America from Columbus to the present. This powerful and controversial study turns orthodox American history upside down to portray the social turmoil behind the "march of progress". Known for its lively, clear prose as well as its scholarly research, A People's History is the only volume to tell America's story from the point of view of - and in the words of - America's women, factory workers, African-Americans, Native Americans, the working poor, and immigrant laborers. As historian Howard Zinn shows, many of America's greatest battles - the fights for fair wage, an eight-hour workday, child-labor laws, health and safety standards, universal suffrage, women's rights, racial equality - were carried out at the grassroots level, against bloody resistance. Covering Christopher Columbus's arrival through the Clinton years A People's History of the United States, which was nominated for the American Book Award in 1981, is an insightful analysis of the most important events in US history.


Author: Rita Schneider-Sliwa
Size: 52.44 MB
Format: PDF
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Das Bild der USA steckt voller Widersprüche: Von außen gilt die USA einerseits als junges Land ohne Tradition und Kultur. Andererseits beeinflussen amerikanische Werte und amerikanischer Lebensstil zunehmend das Leben in unterschiedlichsten Teilen der Erde. Im Inneren schuf das Land, das bei seiner Gründung eine bewusste Abkehr von den gesellschaftlichen Normen der Alten Welt vollzog und auf die Gleichheit aller setzte, früh neue Gegensätze. Im "Land der unbegrenzten Möglichkeiten", das auf dem Ideal der Freiheit basiert, sind Sklaverei, Aus- und Abgrenzung in Reservaten, "Politik der Vernachlässigung" sowie diskriminierende Gesetzgebung nicht aus der Geschichte wegzudenken. Diese Länderkunde erfasst die vielfältigen historischen, demographischen, ökonomischen, ökologischen, gesellschaftlichen und (welt-)politischen Aspekte als Resultat eines spezifischen amerikanischen Musters. Sie macht deutlich, dass die in Amerika über mehrere Jahrhunderte bewusst gepflegte, neue politische Kultur ein anderes Staatsverständnis und andere gesellschaftliche Normen etablierte als im "Alten Europa"

Age Of Revolution 1789 1848

Author: Eric Hobsbawm
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 0297865307
Size: 47.74 MB
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The first in Eric Hobsbawm's dazzling trilogy on the history of the nineteenth century. Between 1789 and 1848 the world was transformed both by the French Revolution and also by the Industrial Revolution that originated in Britain. This 'Dual Revolution' created the modern world as we know it. Eric Hobsbawm traces with brilliant analytical clarity the transformation brought about in every sphere of European life by the Dual Revolution - in the conduct of war and diplomacy; in new industrial areas and on the land; among peasantry, bourgeoisie and aristocracy; in methods of government and of revolution; in science, philosophy and religion; in literature and the arts. But above all he sees this as the period when industrial capitalism established the domination over the rest of the world it was to hold for a century. Eric Hobsbawm's enthralling and original account is an impassioned but objective history of the most significant sixty years in the history of Europe.