Greek Notions Of The Past In The Archaic And Classical Eras History Without Historians

Author: John Marincola
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748654666
Size: 79.23 MB
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This volume in The Edinburgh Leventis Studies series collects the papers presented at the sixth A. G. Leventis conference organised under the auspices of the Department of Classics at the University of Edinburgh. As with earlier volumes, it engages with new research and new approaches to the Greek past, and brings the fruits of that research to a wider audience. Although Greek historians were fundamental in the enterprise of preserving the memory of great deeds in antiquity, they were not alone in their interest in the past. The Greeks themselves, quite apart from their historians and in a variety of non-historiographical media, were constantly creating pasts for themselves that answered to the needs - political, social, moral and even religious - of their society. In this volume eighteen scholars discuss the variety of ways in which the Greeks constructed de-constructed, engaged with, alluded to, and relied on their pasts whether it was in the poetry of Homer, in the victory odes of Pindar, in tragedy and comedy on the Athenian stage, in their pictorial art, in their political assemblies, or in their religious practices. What emerges is a comprehensive overview of the importance of and presence of the past at every level of Greek society. In the final chapter the three discussants present at the conference (Simon Goldhill, Christopher Pelling and Suzanne Said) survey the contributions to the volume, summarise its overall contributions as well as indicate new directions that further scholarship might follow.

Histoires

Author: Nicolaus (of Damascus.)
Publisher: Les Belles Lettres
ISBN: 9782251742113
Size: 34.12 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Les Histoires de Nicolas de Damas et ses autres oeuvres, en particulier la Vie d'Auguste, couvrent une immense période qui va des grands empires orientaux d'Assyrie et de Perse jusqu'à l'époque contemporaine de l'auteur (Ier siècle av J-C), avec le principat d'Auguste et le règne d'Hérode-le-Grand. Initialement destinées à Hérode et, à travers lui, au public hellénisé de l'Orient romain, ces oeuvres offrent des récits sur les origines mythiques des cités grecques et sur la période archaïque - notamment sur les tyrannies de Corinthe, de Sicyone et de Milet - ainsi que sur la Lydie des Héraclides et des Mermnades. Un ouvrage ethnographique, intitulé Recueil de coutumes, complète ce panorama par des anecdotes se rapportant à l'ensemble du monde méditerranéen. Les fragments qui subsistent de la biographie d'Auguste composée par l'auteur couvrent ensuite la période qui va de l'adolescence d'Octave jusqu'à novembre 44 av J-C, en développant un long excursus consacré à l'assassinat de César. L'Autobiographie attribuée à Nicolas de Damas évoque enfin le contexte familial de l'historien et son éducation à Damas ainsi que son activité politique et diplomatique à la cour d'Hérode, dont il fut le secrétaire, l'ambassadeur et le confident. Rédigée à la troisième personne, cette oeuvre est la première autobiographie de langue grecque qui ait été conservée.

Soldiers Ghosts

Author: J. E. Lendon
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300119794
Size: 47.79 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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What set the successful armies of Sparta, Macedon, and Rome apart from those they defeated? In this major new history of battle from the age of Homer through the decline of the Roman empire, J. E. Lendon surveys a millennium of warfare to discover how militaries change--and don't change--and how an army's greatness depends on its use of the past. Noting this was an age that witnessed few technological advances, J. E. Lendon shows us that the most successful armies were those that made the most effective use of cultural tradition. Ancient combat moved forward by looking backward for inspiration--the Greeks, to Homer; the Romans, to the Greeks and to their own heroic past. The best ancient armies recruited soldiers from societies with strong competitive traditions; and the best ancient leaders, from Alexander to Julius Caesar, called upon those traditions to encourage ferocious competition at every rank. Ranging from the Battle of Champions between Sparta and Argos in 550 B.C. through Julian's invasion of Persia in A.D. 363, Soldiers and Ghosts brings to life the most decisive military contests of ancient Greece and Rome. Lendon places these battles, and the methods by which they were fought, in a sweeping narrative of ancient military history. On every battlefield, living soldiers fought alongside the ghosts of tradition--ghosts that would inspire greatness for almost a millennium before ultimately coming to stifle it.

Defining Greek Narrative

Author: Douglas Cairns
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 074868011X
Size: 31.31 MB
Format: PDF
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The 'Classic' narratology that has been widely applied to classical texts is aimed at a universal taxonomy for describing narratives. More recently, 'new narratologies' have begun linking the formal characteristics of narrative to their historical and ideological contexts. This volume seeks such a rethinking for Greek literature. It has two closely related objectives: to define what is characteristically Greek in Greek narratives of different periods and genres, and to see how narrative techniques and concerns develop over time. The 15 distinguished contributors explore questions such as: How is Homeric epic like and unlike Gilgamesh and the Hebrew Bible? What do Greek historians consistently fail to tell us, having learned from the tradition what to ignore? How does lyric modify narrative techniques from other genres?

Pindar Victory Odes

Author: Pindar
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521436366
Size: 47.97 MB
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A presentation by Professor Willcock of seven of Pindar's extant poems celebrating the victories of athletes.

Classical Greece

Author: Ian Morris
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521456784
Size: 60.52 MB
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A reassessment of the archaeology of classical Greece, using modern archaeological approaches to provide a richer understanding of Greek society.

Body Dress And Identity In Ancient Greece

Author: Mireille M. Lee
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107055369
Size: 10.22 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This is the first general monograph on ancient Greek dress in English to be published in more than a century. By applying modern dress theory to the ancient evidence, this book reconstructs the social meanings attached to the dressed body in ancient Greece. Whereas many scholars have focused on individual aspects of ancient Greek dress, from the perspectives of literary, visual, and archaeological sources, this volume synthesizes the diverse evidence and offers fresh insights into this essential aspect of ancient society.

The Western Way Of War

Author: Victor Davis Hanson
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520260092
Size: 78.47 MB
Format: PDF
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The Greeks of the classical age invented not only the central idea of Western politics--that the power of state should be guided by a majority of its citizens--but also the central act of Western warfare, the decisive infantry battle. Instead of ambush, skirmish, or combat between individual heroes, the Greeks of the fifth century B.C. devised a ferocious, brief, and destructive head-on clash between armed men of all ages. In this bold, original study, Victor Davis Hanson shows how this brutal enterprise was dedicated to the same outcome as consensual government--an unequivocal, instant resolution to dispute. Linking this new style of fighting to the rise of constitutional government, Hanson raises new issues and questions old assumptions about the history of war. A new preface addresses recent scholarship on Greek warfare.

Men Of Bronze

Author: Donald Kagan
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400846307
Size: 58.73 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Men of Bronze takes up one of the most important and fiercely debated subjects in ancient history and classics: how did archaic Greek hoplites fight, and what role, if any, did hoplite warfare play in shaping the Greek polis? In the nineteenth century, George Grote argued that the phalanx battle formation of the hoplite farmer citizen-soldier was the driving force behind a revolution in Greek social, political, and cultural institutions. Throughout the twentieth century scholars developed and refined this grand hoplite narrative with the help of archaeology. But over the past thirty years scholars have criticized nearly every major tenet of this orthodoxy. Indeed, the revisionists have persuaded many specialists that the evidence demands a new interpretation of the hoplite narrative and a rewriting of early Greek history. Men of Bronze gathers leading scholars to advance the current debate and bring it to a broader audience of ancient historians, classicists, archaeologists, and general readers. After explaining the historical context and significance of the hoplite question, the book assesses and pushes forward the debate over the traditional hoplite narrative and demonstrates why it is at a crucial turning point. Instead of reaching a consensus, the contributors have sharpened their differences, providing new evidence, explanations, and theories about the origin, nature, strategy, and tactics of the hoplite phalanx and its effect on Greek culture and the rise of the polis. The contributors include Paul Cartledge, Lin Foxhall, John Hale, Victor Davis Hanson, Donald Kagan, Peter Krentz, Kurt Raaflaub, Adam Schwartz, Anthony Snodgrass, Hans van Wees, and Gregory Viggiano.